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Understanding Teeth: Types and Functions - A Comprehensive Guide by Carvolth Dentistry in Langley, B

Welcome to our complete guide on understanding the different types of teeth and their functions, brought to you by your trusted family dentists at Carvolth Dentistry in Langley, BC. From the incisors that slice through your favorite foods to the wisdom teeth that often make a late appearance, understanding your teeth is crucial for maintaining optimal oral health.

The Anatomy of a Tooth

Teeth aren't just about the enamel you see when you smile. They're complex structures made up of several layers:

  • Enamel: The outermost, hardest layer that protects the tooth.

  • Dentin: A softer layer beneath the enamel.

  • Pulp: The innermost part, containing nerves and blood vessels.

  • Cementum: Covers the tooth root and lies beneath the gums.

Regular check-ups at Carvolth Dentistry can help detect any issues with these components, ensuring your teeth stay in top shape.

The Lifecycle of Your Teeth

People generally have two sets of teeth in their lifetime—primary teeth (or baby teeth) and permanent teeth. This article explores the different types of teeth both children and adults have and their various functions.


Incisors: They are your front-and-center teeth designed for cutting food. Adults and children have eight each—four on top and four on the bottom.


Canines: Located next to the incisors, canines are sharp and are used for tearing food. Each person typically has four canines.


Premolars: Premolars come with multiple ridges to help you chew and grind food. Adults usually have eight premolars.


Molars: They are your strongest, largest teeth, responsible for grinding down food. Adults have 12, while children have eight primary molars.


Wisdom Teeth: Also known as third molars, come in between the ages of 17–21. They may need to be removed if they become impacted or cause other issues.

How Many Teeth Do We Have?

Children usually have 20 primary teeth, which start to appear around six months of age. These eventually give way to 28 permanent teeth. During routine dental exams at Carvolth Dentistry in Langley, we'll assess your teeth for any anomalies like cavities or misalignments.

The Importance of Understanding Your Teeth

Knowing the types and functions of your teeth is the first step toward lifelong oral health. Regular visits to your Langley dentist at Carvolth Dentistry can guide you toward a radiant, healthy smile.


Discover easy tips to maintain healthy teeth and achieve a brighter smile. Our dental care guide covers all you need for oral hygiene. Read now!

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